MLA Auction 48 – Fall 2019 – Pottery

Closed Sat Nov 16 at 6pm ET.

SW001 Irish – Montreal
Minimum Bid: $1500
Range:$2000-3000
Sold: $1700

Dated Canadian stoneware is rare and dated stoneware from Quebec is rarer still. I have seen only two pieces in 25 years, this being one. I believe this 2 gal jug was made by Orrin Ballard at his stoneware factory in Burlington Vermont. Orrin Ballard’s history as a potter in both Canada and the United States is complicated. He operated factories on both sides of the border, in multiple locations, quite possibly at the same time. Orrin and his brothers established potteries in Burlington Vermont and Portland Maine in the mid-1850s. Réal Fortin lists Orrin Ballard in St Johns Canada East from 1857-58, though he may have been there longer. While in St Johns, Ballard worked both for the Farrars and on his own for a time. By 1859, Orrin Ballard and his brother Alfred were making pots marked O.L. & A.K. Ballard/Burlington VT. There are crocks with this mark that carry the exact same design and 1862 date as the ones on this Montreal crock. I see no reason why Orrin Ballard would not have supplied Quebec merchants with wares from Vermont. When he established the Cornwall Pottery in 1864, he continued to sell a lot of crocks into Quebec. The stamp on this jug reads: C.T. Irish, Plantaginet Water, Depot #5, Places D’Armes, Montreal. Plantagenet water came from a spring in Plantagenet Canada West and was wholesaled in Montreal. According to their own literature, the Plantagenet spring water was first introduced to public notice in 1832, when Montreal was dealing with a cholera epidemic. The story goes that a lumber merchant by the name of Cameron used the Plantagenet waters, and induced friends and employees to use it as well. All those who used the water and were attacked by the cholera survived, while of all those who refused the water perished. A macabre but no doubt highly effective advertising claim. The water was sold widely in the 1840s and there was a depot at Place D’Armes in Montreal selling it at least as early as 1850. Why the 1862 date? That would have been the 30th anniversary of the water’s “discovery” as a cure for cholera. Not hard to believe they were still milking the story thirty years on. A number of crocks are known advertising the water with different agents listed. This is the only one I have seen from C.T. Irish. Charles Truman Irish is first listed in the 1862-63 directory associated with the company. He was just 21 years old. Near mint condition. There are two in-manufacturing flaws on the back of the handle and a 1/4″ unseparated chip at the back of the lip. Very minor stuff. An extremely rare and beautiful crock with a rich history.


SW002 Brantford Stoneware Co Mini
Minimum Bid: $2000
Range:$3000-3500
Sold: $3000

The Brantford Stoneware Company operated from 1894 until 1905. By this time, the company was likely the largest Canadian producer of stoneware and travellers sold its products to merchants right across the country. To help the salesmen peddle their wares, the company made miniature versions of the crocks that could be ordered. This tiny butter crock is one such example. Just 2 3/8 tall and the same in diameter across the rim. Stamped: B.S. MFG. CO. Ltd, BRANTFORD, CANADA. For obvious reasons, these salesman’s samples are exceedingly rare. We sold another example of this mini butter crock last fall for $3200. This one is dead mint and has a really attractive glaze with a mix of beige and tans tones. Best possible example of this rare tiny crock.


SW003 Gibbs – Hamilton
Minimum Bid: $750
Range:$1200-1500
Sold: $750

The ovoid form in Canada had pretty much disappeared by the 1860s. Most examples date to the 1840s-50s and as such are some of the earliest pieces of Canadian pottery. This 3 gal ovoid crock has a banner style of decoration made by the Hart Potteries in Fulton, NY and sold to merchants in Canada West. John Gibbs was a grocer and liquor dealer in Hamilton Canada West. He is listed in directories back to 1851 but was likely in business even earlier. This ovoid jug is marked: John J Gibbs, dealer in groceries, liquors, &C, S Elgin Block, John St. Excellent condition. There are two fine hairlines that criss-cross high on the left shoulder. The top of the blue painted “3” is smugged from touching another crock in the kiln. There is a bit of light chipping off the rim of the mouth. Real minor stuff, especially for a piece of this age. Perfect handle. Super clean glaze. An imposing piece in both form and size. Stands 14 1/2″ tall. Rare, early and gorgeous!


SW004 Schuler Paris with Mount Forest Script
Minimum Bid: $600
Range:$1200-1500
Sold: $1300

An H. Schuler 1 gal jug with Mount Forest inscription. Henry Schuler ran a pottery in Paris Ontario from 1873-1884. He then moved to Brantford to work for the pottery there. Schuler is not known for inscribing his pieces, but he would certainly have been aware of the technique. Inscribed decorated pieces are known from the early Brantford Potteries. At a later time, the Huron Pottery in Egmondville used the technique to make souvenir and gift pieces with people’s names and places of residence. This Schuler crock is inscribed for George Colcleugh of Mount Forest, Ontario, Canada. Colcleugh is listed in the 1881 census (age 63) working as a merchant. There are both stoneware and redware pieces known with Colcleugh’s mark. But this Schuler jug is certainly an exceptional piece. Near mint condition with one kiln touch mark at the rear. 11 1/2″ tall. A truly unique piece.


SW005 Ontario Redware Pitcher
Minimum Bid: $600
Range:$1000-1200
Sold: $1250

This pitcher was picked in Markham and the owner thought it might be Eby Conestogo on account of the glaze. The glaze is spectacular! The base colour is tan with a strong rose tone with brown splotches on top. I have handled Eby pieces that were rose coloured with brown splotches. The clay is a deep red colour and heavy like Eby pieces. But the form is not one I would attribute to Eby. It looks more to me like a piece from Owen Sound. While I cannot solidly attribute this pitcher to a potter, I am confident in saying it is Ontario redware. Condition is near mint. Potstone rear and a few nibbles from the rim. 7 1/4″ tall. An absolutely beautiful piece!


SW006 Bremner & Urquhart – Oshawa CW
Minimum Bid: $600
Range:$800-1000
Sold: $650

A 1 gal jug marked: Bremner & Urquhart, Grocers, Wines & Spirits, Merchants, Oshawa CW (Canada West). The crock was made in Toronto, by Nicholas Eberhardt and/or Joseph Halm. I have seen this attractive double flower with both marks. Given the CW mark, this jug was likely made between 1863-67. Excellent condition. A potstone rear under the handle resulted in some tight hairlines. There is a 1″ thin flake off the top of the mouth. Minor stuff. This crock is super clean and the handle is perfect. A rare early Oshawa crock in a nice small size with a terrific decoration!


SW007 Elliott – Aultsville
Minimum Bid: $500
Range:$800-1000
Sold: $500

John Elliott established a pottery with his brothers in Aultsville Canada West in the early 1850s. The Elliotts produced pottery in the area for nearly 50 years. It was almost never marked so hard to attribute. A phenomenal redware harvest ring made and marked by John Elliott is in the collection of the Canadian Museum of History. This harvest ring is bright yellow with a green splotch. A couple of unmarked rings have surfaced over the years, one with the same colouring as the example in the museum, the other with an orange base with green splotch. The last pic shows this ring. Compare the glaze with this small pitcher. This pitcher was deaccessioned from the Cornwall museum. I spoke with both the former curator of the museum as well as the person who picked the piece before it came into the museum’s collection. Both believed this pitcher to be from John Elliott. I agree, this is an Elliott pitcher. It is small, just 6 1/8″ tall. There is some fine hairline cracking visible if you look down into the piece. The body is discoloured on one side where the contents leached through this cracking. When I got this pitcher, it had a dime size chip off the rim, which has been professionally restored. Let the photos be your guide. This is a beautiful small size pitcher with a great glaze. One of a very few pieces that can be solidly attributed to Elliott’s pottery in Aultsville.


SW008 W. Mc A P (Perth)
Minimum Bid: $500
Range:$800-1000
Sold: $500

There are very few Canadian primitive stone bottles with blue decoration of any sort. Interestingly, most (if not all) were used by brewers and soda makers in Eastern Ontario. The majority were made for bottlers in Perth, Ontario – which was a busy commercial and government centre in the 19th century. Most of these blue marked bottles have just a couple of initials. This particular bottle is special because it has an awful lot of blue writing. The initials are “W. Mc A, P”. The “P” is definitely Perth, but the name of the bottler is not known. My own suspicion is that this bottle belonged to W.A. McLaren of Perth, from whom other stone bottles are known. Examples of this bottle are extremely rare. I am aware of just three, including this one. Some heavy chipping to the blob has been professionally restored. Great job! Displays perfect. One of Canada’s best primitives. The second bottle pictured shows you a W.A. McLaren Perth primitive for comparison.


SW009 Morton & Goold – Brantford CW
Minimum Bid: $500
Range:$800-1000
Sold: $1500

Of all the Brantford Pottery marks, Morton & Goold is by far the rarest. The partnership lasted for just a few months in 1859. Nearly all the Morton & Goold marked crocks I have handled were damaged in some fashion. This 2 gal jug is in extraordinary condition. Perfect lip and handle. Clean body. Well stamped. And the double flower decoration is well rendered. If you have been waiting for one of these, wait no longer.


SW010 Moses Farrar – St. Johns CE
Minimum Bid: $500
Range:$800-1000
Sold: $500

Moses Farrar opened the first stoneware pottery in Canada in 1839 at St. Johns in Lower Canada. Moses was in partnership with Warren Soule from the earliest days of the pottery and their mark through the 1840s and early 50s was Farrar & Soule St.Johns. For reasons unknown, Moses reverted to using his name alone for a couple of years, roughly 1852-1854, before entering a new partnership wih Ebenezer L Farrar. Crocks with the mark Moses Farrar, St Johns CE (Canada East) are extremely rare. Moses Farrar seems to have used only a couple of styles of decoration during this period. This 3 gal jug sports a simple leafy design. Stongly marked with lots of blue. Stress cracking along the front and right side base edge. This would have occurred during the firing. 6″ hairline crack running from the lip down the left side of the design. Couple of heavy lip chips. The damage report sounds far worse than the crock looks in person.


SW011 Ballard – Cornwall CW
Minimum Bid: $400
Range:$700-800
Sold: $700

Orrin Ballard established the first stoneware pottery in Cornwall Canada West in 1864. He ran the pottery for just three years before selling it. Bird crocks from the Cornwall Pottery are rare and beautiful. See Newland’s Early Ontario Potters plate 4.2 for an example. This large 5 gal jug has the same rare design. The decoration appears brown, rather than the usual blue. This is one of only a handful of Canadian stoneware crocks I have seen with a brown decoration. I suspect this was intended to be a cobalt blue, but something about the composition of the glaze or the firing resulted in it turning brown. The decoration is well rendered and looks great on this large size jug. The condition is challenging to describe. This is a big jug (over 19″ tall) and it would certainly have been one of the biggest pieces in the kiln. I suspect the firing was overheated. The saltglaze is not evenly distributed on the piece. Around the shoulder, the glaze appears to have fried leaving a pebbly texture. Lower on the body the saltglaze is normal. Up from the base edge are four short (2-3 inch) pressure cracks, that probably resulted from the sheer weight of the crock as it was fired. These are clearly in-manufacturing. There is a heavy chip off the front of the lip and several smaller lip chips in the round. There are a number of potstones and other firing imperfections. There is a long scratch down the right size of the decoration. The body of the crock appears dark at least in part because of stain leeching through the clay. This crock still has a lovely sweet smell of molasses. This description makes the condition sound poor, but the piece looks great. Let the pics be your guide. I have never seen a Ballard bird crock in better condition than this one. Shipping is not available on this item.


SW012 McCafferty – Saint John
Minimum Bid: $300
Range:$500-600
Sold: $500

A 1 gal jug from H. McCafferty St John, New Brunswick. The crock was made by the Gardiner Stoneware Company of Maine who stamped their crocks with swan and eagle designs. Fortunately for Canadian collectors, they made crocks for merchants in the Canadian Maritimes. I rarely call a crock mint, but I can find nothing wrong with this sweet little jug. 11 1/2″ tall. A rare, small size, mint crock with a great design. What more can you ask?


SW013 Meyer – Preston CW
Minimum Bid: $250
Range:$400-500
Sold: $275

A 1 gal jug from Julius Meyer, dealer in dry goods, groceries, hardware, wines, liquors & C, Preston CW (Canada West). An early Brantford Potteries made jug. Excellent condition. A 3″ pressure crack comes up from the base edge rear. This is in-manufacturing. Some stain to the body. Perfect lip and handle. 11 1/2″ tall. A great looking early little jug.


SW014 Schuler – Paris
Minimum Bid: $250
Range:$400-500
Sold: $350

A 3 gal jug from Henry Schuler Paris Ontario. Schuler’s floral designs are some of the very best. This 3 gal jug shows off his skill as a decorator. The elaborate flower decoration is brilliant. This jug is as close to mint as they come. No apologies for this one.


SW015 Schuler – Paris
Minimum Bid: $200
Range:$300-400
Sold: $200

A 3 gal butter churn from Henry Schuler of Paris Ontario. Super clean piece with a lovely floral decoration. 7″ crack rear has been stabilized and touched up. Some professional restoration to rim chips. The restoration to this crock is very well done. Displays beautifully. Comes with a nice lid that may be original.


SW016 Warner – Toronto
Minimum Bid: $200
Range:$300-400
Sold: $200

William Warner established the first stoneware pottery in Toronto Canada West in 1856 and operated until 1863. He is one of my favourite potters. I love his strong whimsical designs. This 2 gal jug sports a great example of Warner’s single flower. 13″ tall. Some professional restoration to the lip, that is incredibly well done. Otherwise excellent condition.


SW017 Warner – Toronto
Minimum Bid: $200
Range:$300-400
Sold: $200

A 3 gal jug from Warner & Co Toronto (Canada West). The heavy blue double flower decoration is a scarce one for Warner. Excellent condition. Clean body and a perfect handle. Large potstone left side. Thin flake off the top of the lip. 15 1/4″ tall.


SW018 Goold – Brantford CW
Minimum Bid: $200
Range:$300-400
Sold: $200

Franklin P. Goold ran the Brantford Pottery from 1859-67. The Goold mark is fairly common, but this 2 gal jug is an uncommonly good example. The huge single flower is strong and very well rendered. The condition of the jug is excellent. Some very fine hairline pressure cracks rear and an unseparated chip in the lip. Very clean crock with a perfect handle. A great looking Canada West era crock.


SW019 PEI Pottery
Minimum Bid: $200
Range:$300-400
Sold: $325

The redware from the Canadian Maritimes typically has a rich reddish brown glaze over about two thirds of the exterior with white slip inside. White slip was also used for decoration. At the Prince Edward Island Pottery, they did something a bit different by pouring loops of white glaze to the interior of bowls. The exterior is unglazed. See Webster’s Early Canadian Pottery, pg. 89 for an example. These bowls are rare and when found they are usually damaged. PEI Pottery is notoriously soft. This example has some glaze loss to a section of the rim, but it is otherwise excellent. 5 1/8″ tall, 12 3/4″ in diameter across the top. Deeper than the average bowl. Best example I have handled of this style.


SW020 E.L. Farrar – St Johns CE
Minimum Bid: $200
Range:$300-400
Sold: $210

Ebenezer Lawrence Farrar was one of the driving forces behind the Farrar family’s potting operations both in St. Johns Canada East and in Vermont during the 1850s. In the mid-1850s, he was in partnership with Moses Farrar who established the first stoneware pottery in St. Johns Lower Canada in 1839. Ebenezer Farrar appears to have operated the pottery under his name for a short-time between 1855-57. Ebenezer died tragically in a steamboat accident in 1857 and the ownership of the pottery was transferred to George Whitfield Farrar. Pieces marked E.L. Farrar St Johns CE (Canada East) are rare. This 2 gal jug has a great floral decoration, which shows the skill of the decorators at this time. Excellent condition. This jug is stained dark from contents seeping through. Perfect lip and handle. A great early St Johhs piece with a rare mark and beautiful design.


SW021 Vancouver Botanic Beverage Co
Minimum Bid: $200
Range:$300-400
Sold: $200

A 3 gal cooler from the Vancouver Botanic Beverage Company. 13 1/4″ tall. Near mint condition. 1/4″ chip off the left side of the spigot hole. A scarce cooler in fine condition.


SW022 Dubeau – St Roch
Minimum Bid: $200
Range:$300-400
Sold: Not

A 4 gal butter crock from E.J. Dubeau St Roch Quebec. The unusual heavy blue design is almost certainly from the St Johns Canada East potteries, circa 1860s. Very fine hairline crack that has been stabilized. A few large potstones but overall excellent condition. 12″ tall.


SW023 Skinner – Picton CW
Minimum Bid: $200
Range:$300-400
Sold: $300

A 2 gal cream crock from Skinner & Co Picton Canada West. A nice single flower with a bit more going on than the average. Super clean mint condition.


SW024 Welding & Belding – Brantford
Minimum Bid: $150
Range:$200-300
Sold: $200

William Eratus Welding and William Wallace Belding purchased the Brantford Potteries in 1867. The two men ran the pottery together until 1872 when the factory had a major fire. The decorations produced during this partnership were strong and distinct. The three headed flower on this 2 gal cream crock is a great example. Excellent condition. There is a very fine hairline in the decoration that is nearly impossible to see. A chip to the rim has been professionally restored. There is a heavy potstone in the rim front. Minor stuff. Displays beautifully!


SW025 Donald – Toronto
Minimum Bid: $150
Range:$200-300
Sold: $210

A 2 gal jug from Richard Donald, grocer, No 184 King Street East, Toronto. The jug was likely make by James Burns (or Burns & Campbell) who operated a pottery in Toronto from 1879-1887. Near mint condition. A scarce merchant mark that I had not seen before.


SW026 Skinner & Co (Picton)
Minimum Bid: $150
Range:$200-300
Sold: $190

A 2 gal butter crock from Skinner & Co Picton Canada West. A simple fern style decoration. Dead mint condition. 9 1/4″ tall.


SW027 Schuler – Paris
Minimum Bid: $150
Range:$200-300
Sold: $150

A 3 gal cream crock from Henry Schuler Paris Ontario. Simple single flower decoration. Near mint condition. A super clean piece.


SW028 Stratford – Brantford CW
Minimum Bid: $150
Range:$200-300
Sold: $190

A 1/4″ gal jug from W. H. Stratford, chemist & druggist, dealer in, groceries wines liquors & C, Brantford CW (Canada West). Professionally replaced handle. 1/4″ chip off the base edge rear. Displays mint. 8 1/2″ tall.


SW029 Flack & Van Arsdale – Cornwall
Minimum Bid: $150
Range:$200-300
Sold: $200

A 3 gal jug from Flack & Van Arsdale from Cornwall Ontario with a nice bird decoration. A large chip out of the lip has been glued back in place. A bit of stain to the body. Some fry to the blue. A good looking piece despite the damage. Let the pics be your guide.


SW030 Ontario Earthenware Flower pot
Minimum Bid: $150
Range:$200-300
Sold: $250

A big beautiful earthenware flower pot. 7 1/4″ tall and 10 1/4″ in diameter across the rim. Bought at a farm auction close to where the Eby Pottery was located in Conestogo. The glaze ressembles Eby pieces that I have handled, with the pink base and brown speckle. However, this is an earthenware flower pot and the clay colour is a tan colour with just a hint of red. I would not normally associate this clay colour with Eby, but more likely Owen Sound. While I cannot attribute this one solidly to a potter, I am confident it is a piece of SW Ontario earthenware. Excellent condition with just a 1/4″ chip off one handle. Would likely have come with a separate dish when sold.


SW031 Foley – Saint John
Minimum Bid: $100
Range:$150-200
Sold: $140

A 1/2 gal batter jug from the pottery of James W Foley Co of St John NB. This batter jug is remarkable for its small size (8 3/4″ tall), the fact it retains its original tin lid and bail, and for the condition. It is mint. Canadian batter jugs are quite rare and this one is exceptional.


SW032 Rous – Belleville
Minimum Bid: $100
Range:$150-200
Sold: $150

An oyster or tomato style crock from F. H Rous of Belleville Ontario. These exist in many variants. This one is special for having “Crockery Store” incised. A tiny crock just 7″ tall. Mint condition. The glaze has a great metallic sheen.


SW033 Redware Creamer
Minimum Bid: $100
Range:$150-200
Sold: $100

A sweet little redware creamer, just 4 1/8″ tall. My guess would be Canadian Maritimes, given the brown glaze over a rich red body. There is a bit of an olive tone to the glaze, which is unusual. Excellent condition with some real minor flaking from the rim.


SW034 Brantford Stoneware Soap Dish
Minimum Bid: $100
Range:$150-200
Sold: $160

Around 1900, the Brantford Stoneware Company made wash sets, that included bowls, pitchers, slop buckets, and soap dishes. This lovely little blue soap dish would have been part of one of these sets. Marked on the base Brantford Canada. About 3 1/4″ tall to the top of the handle and 6″ in diameter. The condition of the lid is perfect. The bowl has a 1″ chip off the the rim that has been poorly filled. These dishes had a poor survival rate owing to heavy use. This one is excellent!


SW035 MacDonald – Alexandria CW
Minimum Bid: $100
Range:$150-200
Sold: $240

A 1/2 gal jug from D.A. MacDonald & Co, Alexandria CW (Canada West). 9 1/2″ tall. Hairline through the handle, but otherwise perfect.


SW036 Lord – St Johns
Minimum Bid: $100
Range:$150-200
Sold: $140

A 1 gal jug from Jos Lord, groceries provisions, wines liquors, and, boatman’s supplies, St Johns PQ (Quebec). Unusual for listing “boatman’s supplies”. St. Johns was on a major river system that would have seen a lot of boat traffic. Note the sink to the shoulder, which gives the piece some great character. 11″ tall. Near mint with only minor imperfections.


SW037 Mini Cream Crock
Minimum Bid: $75
Range:$100-150
Sold: $75

A sweet little redware cream crock, just 3 3/4″ tall. From the glaze and deep red clay, I would say it is Canadian Maritimes. Not sure if it was a sample piece or just a small crock for the kitchen. Cute as Hell!


SW038 Mini Turks Head
Minimum Bid: $75
Range:$100-150
Sold: $75

A miniature jelly mould or turks head. 2 1/8″ tall and 4 5/8″ in diameter across the mouth. Made from redware. Attractive glaze. These were made by many potteries and I cannot attribute this one. Some light flaking around the rim but overall excellent condition.


SW040 Redware Spittoon
Minimum Bid: $75
Range:$100-150
Sold: $75

A redware spittoon with a spectacular glaze. 4 3/4″ tall and 8″ in diameter. Some heavy wear from use. Large flakes off the edges. Let the pics be your guide.


SW040 Redware Spittoon
Minimum Bid: $75
Range:$100-150
Sold: $75

A redware spittoon with a spectacular glaze. 4 3/4″ tall and 8″ in diameter. Some heavy wear from use. Large flakes off the edges. Let the pics be your guide.


SW041 Redware Spittoon
Minimum Bid: $75
Range:$100-150
Sold: $95

A redware spittoon with an amazing glaze. 3 1/2″ tall and 7 1/2″ in diameter. Near mint condition with some very minor flakes.


SW042 Redware Spittoon
Minimum Bid: $75
Range:$100-150
Sold: $80

A redware spittoon with a terrific glaze and some nice coggling. 4 1/4″ tall and 8″ in diameter. A few minor flakes but overall excellent condition.